Pap Smear test; It is a screening test to detect cervical cancer in women. It is also referred to as a smear test.
It contributes to the early detection of cells that may cause cancer in the cervix. It is of critical importance as it determines the course of treatment.
How is the Pap Smear test done?
It is part of the gynecological examination.
During the test, cells are taken from the cervix with a brush on a slide (flat glass piece) and evaluated by the pathologist. Bleeding may occur after the procedure, it is perfectly normal and temporary.
It can be combined with the sexually transmitted HPV ( human papilloma virus ) test, which can cause cervical cancer in women over the age of 30 . In some cases, the HPV test can be performed instead of the Pap Smear test.
Who and how often is the Pap Smear test done?
Although its frequency varies from person to person; Experts think that all women over the age of 21 can have it done. All women who have passed 3 years after their first sexual intercourse can have this test done regularly every 2-3 years.
It is recommended that those between the ages of 30-65 should have an HPV test every 2-3 years and once every 5 years.
Age 65 and over is not required if no unexpected situation has been detected before.
There is no problem in pregnant women having a smear test.
Things to consider before the Pap Smear test:
It must have been 10-20 days since the start of the period.
You should not have sexual intercourse for 48 hours before the test.
An extra cleaning should not be done to the vagina and drugs and creams should not be applied.
In case of any infection, the treatment should be completed first and then the Pap Smear test should be done.
How are the results of the Pap Smear test evaluated?
Pap smear test result; It can come as normal-abnormal or positive-negative.
Negative result: It means that there is no problem in the cervix. Cervical cells are completely normal. No treatment is applied.
A positive result means that there are abnormalities in the cervical cells. However, this condition should not be directly associated with cervical cancer. There are many levels of positive results.
If your Pap Smear test is positive; The doctor may perform colposcopy using a special magnifying glass called a colposcope to examine the cervix and vagina tissues. He or she may take a tissue sample (biopsy) from the area that looks abnormal. The tissue sample taken is then sent to the laboratory for analysis and definitive diagnosis.
Pap smear test; Contrary to popular belief, it is an extremely simple and painless test. Know that you can easily have this experience with a reliable expert. Maybe you can ask someone to support you by taking someone you feel good with when you are together. Just don't delay.