Pap Smear test; It is a screening test performed to detect cervical cancer in women. It is also referred to as a smear test.
It contributes to the detection of cells that may cause cancer in the cervix at an early stage. It is of critical importance as it determines the course of treatment.
How is the Pap Smear test done?
It is part of the gynecological examination.
During the test, cells are taken from the cervix onto a slide (flat piece of glass) with the help of a brush and evaluated by the pathologist. Bleeding may occur after the procedure, but it is extremely normal and temporary.
It can be combined with testing for sexually transmitted HPV ( human papilloma virus ) , which can cause cervical cancer in women over 30 years of age . In some cases, an HPV test can be performed instead of a Pap Smear test.
To whom is the Pap Smear test performed and how often?
Although its frequency varies from person to person; Experts are of the opinion that all women over the age of 21 can have it done. All women who have been 3 years since their first sexual intercourse can have this test done regularly every 2-3 years.
It is recommended that people between the ages of 30-65 have an HPV test every 2-3 years and every 5 years.
It is not necessary for people aged 65 and over if no unexpected condition has been detected before.
There is no problem in pregnant women having a smear test.
Things to consider before Pap Smear test:
It must have been 10-20 days since the start of your period.
Sexual intercourse should not be had for 48 hours before the test.
No extra cleaning should be done to the vagina and no medication or cream should be applied.
In case of any infection, treatment should be completed first and then a Pap Smear test should be performed.
How are the results of the Pap Smear test evaluated?
Pap Smear test result; It may come as normal-abnormal or positive-negative.
Negative result: It means that there is no problem in the cervix. Cervical cells are completely normal. No treatment is applied.
Positive result: Means there are abnormalities in the cervical cells. However, this condition should not be directly associated with cervical cancer. There are many levels of positive outcomes.
If your Pap Smear test is positive; The doctor may perform colposcopy using a special magnifying glass called a colposcope to examine the tissues of the cervix and vagina. He or she may take a tissue sample (biopsy) from the area that looks abnormal. The tissue sample taken is then sent to the laboratory for analysis and definitive diagnosis.
Pap smear test; Contrary to popular belief, it is an extremely simple and painless test. Know that you can easily have this experience with a reliable expert. Maybe you can take someone with whom you feel good and ask them to support you. As long as it's not postponed.